“The constitutional concept of a “state of exception” is clearly contradictory— the constitution must be suspended in order to be saved— but this contradiction is resolved or at least mitigated by understanding that the period of crisis and exception is brief. When crisis is no longer limited and specific but becomes a general omni-crisis, when the state of war and thus the state of exception become indefinite or even permanent, as they do today, then contradiction is fully expressed , and the concept takes on an entirely different character”

Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire by Hardt, Michael; Negri, Antonio